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|Q:||How many calories are in protein, carbohydrates, and fat?|
|A:||Protein and carbohydrates each contain 4 calories per gram and fat contains 9 calories per gram.|
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|Q:||Is folate the same as folic acid?|
|A:||Yes, folic acid, also known as folate, is a B-vitamin that can be found in some enriched foods and vitamin pills. It's an especially important vitamin for women who are trying to get pregnant. If women have enough of it in their bodies before pregnancy, this vitamin can decrease the risk for neural tube defects, which are birth defects of the baby's brain or spine. You should consume 400 micrograms (400 mcg) of synthetic folic acid daily from vitamin supplements and/or fortified foods in addition to eating food folate in a healthful diet. The Food and Drug Administration is requiring that folic acid be added to specific flour, breads, and other grains. These fortified foods include most enriched breads, flours, corn meals, rice, noodles, macaroni, and other grain products. The FDA also emphasizes that adequate levels of folic acid, in the form of folate, can be obtained by eating natural sources such as leafy dark green vegetables, legumes (dried beans and peas), citrus fruits and juices, and most berries.|
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